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70 Years Operation Market Garden17-20 Sep. 2014

Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation, fought in the Netherlands and Germany during the Second World War. It is the largest airborne operation the world ever saw.

 

Field Marshal Montgomery's goal was to force an entry into Germany over the Lower Rhine. He wanted to circumvent the northern end of the Siegfried Line and this required the operation to seize the bridges across the Maas (Meuse River) and two arms of the Rhine (the Waal and the Lower Rhine) as well as several smaller canals and tributaries. Crossing the Lower Rhine would allow the Allies to encircle Germany's industrial heartland in the Ruhr from the north. It made large-scale use of airborne forces, whose tactical objectives were to secure the bridges and allow a rapid advance by armoured units into Northern Germany.

 

The plan of action consisted of two operations: Market – airborne forces of Lieutenant-General Lewis H. Brereton’s First Allied Airborne Army to seize bridges and other terrain, under

tactical command of I Airborne Corps under Lieutenant-General Frederick Browning. Garden – ground forces of the Second Army to move north spearheaded by the British XXX Corps under Lieutenant-General Brian Horrocks.

 

Several bridges between Eindhoven and Nijmegen were captured at the beginning of the operation but General Horrocks' XXX Corps ground force advance was delayed by the demolition of a bridge over the Wilhelmina Canal, an extremely overstretched supply line at Son, and failure to capture the main road bridge over the river Waal before 20 September. At Arnhem, the British 1st Airborne Division encountered far stronger resistance than anticipated. In the ensuing battle, only a small force managed to hold one end of the Arnhem road bridge and after the ground forces failed to relieve them, they were overrun on 21 September. The rest of the division, trapped in a small pocket west of the bridge, had to be evacuated on 25 September. This bridge later became known as ‘a bridge too far’. The Allies had failed to cross the Rhine in sufficient force and the river remained a barrier to their advance until offensives at Remagen, Oppenheim, Rees and Wesel in March 1945. The failure of Market Garden ended Allied expectations of finishing the war by Christmas 1944.

 

 

   Market Garden Parade

      Mellesingel, Uden

     17 September 2014

 

 

Market Garden Commemoration

River Maas Bridge, Grave

17 September 2014

 

 

Market Garden

Eindhoven Air Base

18 September 2014

 

 

Market Garden Base Camp

Corridor, Veghel         

19 September 2014      

 

Market Garden Night Shoot

Eindhoven Air Base

19 September 2014

 

Market Garden Parade

Udenseweg, Veghel

20 September 2014

 

Market Garden

Eindhoven Air Base

20 September 2014

 

 

This year we commemorate the 70th anniversary of Operation Market Garden. To honor the brave men and women who fought for our freedom lost of special events were organized in Southern Netherlands. We visited as many events as possible to give a good impression of how this important operation still lives under the Dutch population. On September 17th a parade of approximately 80 World War II vehicles drove from Eindhoven towards Grave. On their way up north we were able to catch them close to home in the city of Uden. When the last vehicle drove by we got in the car and drove to Grave to see the Market Garden Commemoration over there. In Grave the men of the current 82nd Airborne Division played a big part of this show, jumping out of five UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters.

 

The next day, on the 18th, the four ANG C-130's which were present at Eindhoven AB made two flights in the morning to drop para's over the city of Groesbeek. The weather was fantastic during that day, which resulted in some great shots. In one of the most important cities op Operation Market Garden, Veghel, a huge base camp was build where hundreds of vehicles, tanks, tents and actors were based for a week. On Friday the 19th we visited the base camp in Veghel and afterwards we went to Eindhoven Air Base to do a night shoot. The next morning we got up early again to see the big parade of the vehicles which were parked at the base camp, driving towards Nijmegen. In the afternoon we visited Eindhoven to see the aircraft participating in the droppings over the Ginkelse Heide. Unfortunately the weather at Eindhoven, and later over the drop zone was very bad, so many flights were cancelled.

 

Many thanks go out to the men and women who worked very hard to make this years commemoration one we will never forget. It was a fantastic tribute to the brave men and women who took part in Operation Market Garden in 1944.

 

   

 

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